Cave painting dates back 40,000 years. Paint was made by mixing dirt or charcoal with spit or animal fat. Techniques that were used to apply it was smearing, dabbing, brushing or spraying, which you would blow through a hollow bone to give it an airbrushed effect. Hand stencils were made using the spraying technique, by placing the hand on the wall and spraying the pigments around the outline of the hand. Shoulders and other bones of large animals have been found stained with colour, and were presumed to be used as pigment grinders. Pigments were added to a paste that was made up with various ingredients including water, urine, animal fat, bone marrow, vegetable juices, blood and albumen(also known as egg white).
Artists before the Industrial Revolution had to use pigs bladders to hold their paint in, and paint brushes were made with animal hair. The Industrial Revolution then introduced the idea of having paint in tubes, synthetic bristles on the paintbrush, and new colours were created. One of my favourite artists, Monet, loved the idea of “En Plein Air”, where an artist would paint outside, rather than inside their studio. He created this painting “En Plein Air” with his new technology of colours and tools. Poppies, Near Argenteuil, Claude Monet, 1873
Now we can do everything these people did, with less time and effort. Technology has completely changed art. I can promise that 95% of people reading this(If you’re around the same age as me), have spent a good few hours on the Windows paint application as child, creating all sorts of crazy and thinking you were unreal. From the ability to change the brush size, the colour and shade, the texture of the paint on the white page you would always start with, to drawing a perfectly straight line with the tool that allows you to do that, and using the tin of pain icon to completely fill one half of that line with some crazy colour that you could almost design by dragging the mouse around the circle spectrum of colour that was made available to you.
My blabbering on through that whole paragraph was done for a reason, to emphasise the amazing change that technology has made to painting.